谷歌和DeepMind貌合神离,谁来控制超级AI?

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概要:导读:大公司外部光鲜,也时时隐藏着权力争斗。谷歌未来想称霸AI世界?遗憾的是,DeepMind跟它可不是一条心。 There’s a Power Struggle Inside Google to Control Superhuman AI 谷歌...

导读:大公司外部光鲜,也时时隐藏着权力争斗。谷歌未来想称霸AI世界?遗憾的是,DeepMind跟它可不是一条心。

There’s a Power Struggle Inside Google to Control Superhuman AI

谷歌内部争斗来控制超AI

 

If DeepMind builds a superhuman AI, who will control it?

如果谷歌的DeepMind建造了一个超级AI,那谁去控制它呢?

Dan Robitzski

Internal Safeguards

内部防措施

 

DeepMind, the artificial intelligence startup purchased by Google in 2014, is on a mission to build the world’s first artificial general intelligence (AGI) — the sort of all-encompassing, superhuman AI we see in science fiction.

DeepMind,这家在2014年被谷歌收购的人工智能初创企业,正在执行一项使命:建造世界上首个通用人工智能artificial general intelligence (AGI),那种我们在科幻小说中可以看到的无所不能的超级人类AI。

To make sure that AGI is used responsibly, DeepMind founder Demis Hassabis protected his company’s independence from Google and parent company Alphabet by building internal safeguards, according to a new story by The Economist‘s cultural publication, 1843 Magazine — including an ethics board controlled by Hassabis and his original team, rather than Google.

据《经济学人》旗下的文化期刊“1843 杂志”报道,为了确保AGI被使用得当,DeepMind创始人Demis Hassabis 建造了内部防护措施,以便DeepMind可以从谷歌和谷歌的母公司Alphabe那里保持独立。该措施包括一个由Hassabis和他的团队控制的道德委员会。

 

Power Grabs

利争

 

Though Google has long branded itself as an ethical leaderwithin the world of AI, 1843‘s report details a history of power grabs and questionable management.

尽管谷歌在AI世界将自己打造成一个道德卫士,1843杂志详细报道了曾经发生的,谷歌和Deep mind之间的内部的权力之争和管理上的漏洞。

For instance, DeepMind started a new healthcare division in 2016 that would use AI technology to streamline hospital operations and monitor patients’ vitals.

例如,2016年DeepMind成立了一个新的医疗部门,该部门将用AI技术将医院的运营流程化,用AI技术去监测病人的生死。

Just two years later, months after DeepMind Health had closed contracts with partner hospitals, Google announced Google Health and absorbed DeepMind’s program into it, giving little notice to DeepMind or the hospitals. Sources close to the matter, granted anonymity by 1843 because they signed non-disclosure agreements, shared that the move led to resentment and anger among DeepMind’s team.

就在两年前,在DeepMind跟一些合作医院签订完合约之后,谷歌宣布成立谷歌健康部门,并且把DeepMind研发的程序也吸纳进来,也没跟DeepMind或者这些合作医院知会过。签过保密协议的知情人告诉1843杂志,谷歌的这种做法,让DeepMind大为不满。

 

The Big “If”

大大的假

 

Some of those same anonymous sources also shared doubts with 1843 that DeepMind would ever crack the code of artificial general intelligence, pointing to little-known weaknesses and caveats to the company’s highly-publicized AI success stories.

根据相同知情人向1843杂志爆料,DeepMind曾经破解过同样人工智能(AGI)的代码,指出那些不为人知的缺点,以此来告诫谷歌,打碎该公司公共高度赞扬的AI成功神话。

The algorithms developed at DeepMind can do fascinating things, like demolish certain video games and retain knowledge better than other systems, but there’s no clear roadmap to the fundamentally-new technology necessary for developing AGI.

DeepMind研发的算法可以做很多精彩的事情,像去除某些视频游戏比其它系统更好得保存知识信息,但是目前还看不到他们已经绘制出指向通用人工智能AGI研发所必需的全新技术路径。

But should Hassabis ever figure it out, the safeguards and ethical review boards that he put in place when his company was bought could mean that the technology will remain in the hands of him and his team instead of becoming just another Google technology.

正像Hassabis曾经指明的,公司被谷歌买走的时候,他成立的内部防护系统和道德评判委员会就是为了确保DeepMind研发的科技,将只会被抓在他和他的团队手里,而不是拱手让给谷歌。

via:https://futurism.com/google-deepmind-control-superhuman-ai

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