微服务架构的7个好处

mobdev 6月前 ⋅ 372 阅读

概要:

 

微服务架构

The popularity of microservices, or microservices architecture, is growing rapidly. The global cloud microservices market is forecasted to grow to $1.8 billion over the next five years – a 22.4 percent growth rate between 2018 and 2023.

微服务或微服务架构的普及正在迅速增长。预计未来五年全球云微服务市场将增长至18亿美元 - 2018年至2023年间增长率为22.4%.

Microservices architecture is gaining traction because of its inherent benefits for database and application development. A modular approach, microservices architecture breaks large software projects down into smaller, independent, and more manageable pieces. As a result, it offers a number of key benefits to IT teams and their enterprises. Here are seven of the top advantages of microservices.

微服务架构因其数据库和应用程序开发的固有优势而日益受到关注。模块化方法,微服务架构将大型软件项目分解为更小,更独立,更易于管理的部分。因此,它为IT团队及其企业提供了许多关键优势。以下是微服务的七大优势。

1. Hyper-Focused, Productive Teams

富有成效的生产团队

The core principle behind microservices is segmenting large applications into small, independent functions. Each function is powered by a small, hyper-focused team that is responsible for their service and ensuring they select the appropriate technologies, processes, and tools for that service. Being responsible for a dedicated function ensures that teams know exactly what they’re focused on and their deliverable timeline. That single focus helps teams zero in and increase productivity.

微服务背后的核心原则是将大型应用程序分割成小型的独立功能。每个功能都由一个小型,超集中的团队提供支持,该团队负责其服务并确保他们为该服务选择适当的技术,流程和工具。负责专门的职能可以确保团队确切地知道他们关注的是什么以及他们的可交付时间表。这一重点可以帮助团队实现零点并提高生产力。

2. Faster Deployments

更快的部署

Each microservice runs according to its own process and usually manages its own database. That releases IT teams from coordinating with peers on the progress of other applications or waiting to deploy code until an entire application or update is ready. Each microservice team can set and manage their deployment schedule to complete projects faster and increase the overall speed of application deployments.

每个微服务都按照自己的流程运行,通常管理自己的数据库。这使得IT团队无法与其他应用程序协调,或等待部署代码,直到整个应用程序或更新准备就绪。每个微服务团队都可以设置和管理他们的部署计划,以更快地完成项目并提高应用程序部署的整体速度。

Faster Software Deployment

3. Error and Failure Isolation

错误和故障隔离

When microservices architecture isolates functions, it also isolates errors. A problem in one microservice won’t shut down the entire application, it will be contained in that one area while other microservices continue to function. That not only improves uptime but makes it easier to pinpoint the source of the problem and resolve it.

当微服务架构隔离功能时,它也会隔离错误。一个微服务中的问题不会关闭整个应用程序,它将包含在该区域中,而其他微服务继续运行。这不仅可以延长正常运行时间,还可以更轻松地查明问题的根源并解决问题。

4. Security Monitoring

安全监控

The same structure that isolates errors isolates security problems. Even if one part of an application is compromised or experiences a security problem, it will not affect other areas of the application. Such isolation makes it easier to identify concerns and address them quickly while keeping the application functional.

隔离错误的相同结构隔离了安全问题。即使应用程序的某个部分受到损害或遇到安全问题,它也不会影响应用程序的其他区域。这种隔离使得在保持应用程序正常运行的同时更容易识别问题并快速解决问题。

5. Compatible With CI/CD and Agile

兼容CI / CD和敏捷

Microservices architecture is compatible with the most effective process in the software industry, including CI, CD, Agile, and container methodologies. Teams can choose the processes that work best for their needs, integrating microservices into their development methods and using whatever tools they prefer, such as Docker and Kubernetes for containers or FlexDeploy for DevOps.

微服务架构与软件行业中最有效的过程兼容,包括CI,CD,敏捷和容器方法。团队可以选择最适合他们需求的流程,将微服务集成到他们的开发方法中并使用他们喜欢的任何工具,例如Docker和Kubernetes用于容器或  FlexDeploy for DevOps。

6. Quality Improvements

质量改进

By working in focused modules, microservices architecture improves the overall quality of the application system. Teams are focused on small, well-defined functionality, enabling them to create high-quality pieces of code. Not only does this positively impact the reliability of the code, it makes it easier to manage issues within the code base while enabling scalability and reusability with third-party services.

通过在聚焦模块中工作,微服务架构提高了应用系统的整体质量。团队专注于小型,定义明确的功能,使他们能够创建高质量的代码。这不仅会对代码的可靠性产生积极影响,还可以更轻松地管理代码库中的问题,同时实现第三方服务的可伸缩性和可重用性。

7. Scalability

可扩展性

Independent functions can easily be extracted from applications for reuse and repurposing in other applications, and improving scalability. Individual development teams can also implement and deploy their code without wrestling the schedules of a larger IT team or department. That makes it easier for large organizations to use microservices architecture to cut down on internal politics and other issues that may delay deployments.

可以从应用程序中轻松提取独立功能,以便在其他应用程序中重用和重新调整用途,并提高可伸缩性。各个开发团队还可以实现和部署他们的代码,而无需考虑更大的IT团队或部门的日程安排。这使得大型组织更容易使用微服务架构来减少可能延迟部署的内部政治和其他问题。

Microservices Help Teams Be More Efficient

微服务帮助团队提高效率

Microservices architecture’s biggest strength is creating small, focused teams that can develop independent functions faster, at a higher quality level. It works with major development methodologies like continuous integration and delivery, as well as DevOps to improve processes for more effective IT teams across businesses.

微服务架构的最大优势在于创建小型,专注的团队,可以更高的质量水平更快地开发独立的功能。它适用于主要的开发方法,如  持续集成  和交付,以及DevOps,以改善跨业务的更有效的IT团队的流程。

 

 

 

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